What is web hosting and its types

In this article, we have discussed what is web hosting, what are the different types of web hosting services and how to select the right web hosting service for beginners. 

This article will be beneficial for people who are new to the world of website creation to understand which web hosting service or plan is best for their website. (If you are looking for the Best Web Hosting providers in India, please read this post – India’s Best Web Hosting Companies 2019)

Want to build your own website? Confused about where to begin? Then you have come to the right place. Now that you have decided to build your website, the first thing you need to do is register a Domain Name and select a Web Hosting service or plan. 

Both are equally important and you cannot start or create a website if you do not have either one or both. You can register your desired domain name and buy a web hosting service from a Domain Registrar and Web Hosting company.

What is Web Hosting?

Different types of web hosting plans

In simple words, it is the storage space where the files for your website are uploaded, installed and stored. 

Just like a computer or a smartphone comes with a hard drive or inbuilt storage where you can save, store and download files, music or videos and access or view them later. 

In a similar way, the files for your website are stored in a server. Servers are more powerful and much faster than a computer, a laptop or a smartphone. 

Whenever someone enters your domain name or website address in the address bar, the browser downloads the files that are stored in the server which is connected to your web hosting account. 

You need to pay a fee monthly or annually to the web hosting companies or providers to use the storage space on their server to store the files for your website. 

The service provided by web hosting companies is known as web hosting. Godaddy, Bigrock, Hostgator, A2 Hosting, Reseller Club, Blue Host, etc. are some of India’s most trusted and reliable web hosting companies.

Types of Web Hosting Services

Types of web hosting service

Now that we know what is Web Hosting, its time to select a web hosting service. Based on your requirement and the type of website that you want to create, you can choose  between 6 different types of web hosting services.

  1. Shared Hosting
  2. VPS Hosting
  3. Dedicated Hosting
  4. Cloud Hosting
  5. Managed WordPress Hosting
  6. Reseller Hosting

I know, it can be very difficult to select the right web hosting service for your website especially if you are a beginner. 

Don’t worry because we have explained the 6 different types of web hosting service in detail which will help you in selecting the right service for your website.

Shared Hosting

In this type of web hosting, one server and its resources(CPU, RAM, Disk Space, etc.,) are shared by multiple websites owners to host their websites. 

Shared Hosting is one of the best options for beginners to start a journey in the world of internet. 

The cost of service and server maintenance is collectively shared by all the website owners hosting their websites on the server. 

Management of server, installation of server software, security updates, technical support, etc., are taken care of by the Web Hosting Company.

Based on the Operating System(OS) used by the server, Shared hosting are of two types – Linux Hosting and Windows Hosting. 

While Linux hosting is the most common and widely used web hosting service globally, Windows Hosting is preferred if you want to use Windows-based technologies like Microsoft ASP.NET and MSSSQL. 

It is recommended to use Linux Hosting if you are a beginner and don’t know much about website creation. 

Linux Hosting comes with a Control Panel to manage your website while Windows Hosting comes with Plesk. Control Panel is very user-friendly and has many amazing applications and all the popular Content Management Systems(CMS).

Shared hosting is ideal for beginners building their first website, for small businesses and for websites that have less traffic or visitors. It is also popular for being the cheapest and most economical web hosting service.

VPS Hosting

VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. VPS Hosting is the next level if you are looking to upgrade your web hosting service from Shared Hosting. 

In this type of web hosting service, many websites are hosted on a single server but virtual partitions are created on the server due to which it may seem like there are multiple servers and one single server is allotted to each website. 

VPS hosting makes each website function in a fully independent manner. It also provides high-level of access to the users for better management and configuration of their websites as VPS runs its own copy of Operating System(OS), either Linux or Windows. 

The users can install almost every software that is supported by the operating system. VPS hosting provides more security to your website than Shared Hosting. Websites hosted on VPS are faster than Shared Hosting. 

In Shared Hosting, a single server along with its resources are shared by many website owners. In VPS hosting, only the server is shared but not the resources. 

Therefore, the resources(CPU, RAM, Disk Space, etc.,) that comes with VPS are much more powerful and better performing. 

But, unlike Shared hosting, the users are responsible for the management and administration of the server(technical support, installing server software, security updates, etc.,) in VPS Hosting.

VPS hosting is ideal for website owners who want a high level of access and full control over the server. 

It is also preferred by website owners that require a wide variety of software for their websites other than the ones provided by the web hosting companies. 

Due to powerful resources VPS hosting is recommended for medium businesses, new e-commerce websites, and websites with steadily growing traffic.

Dedicated Hosting

You should upgrade to Dedicated Hosting if you want something faster and more powerful than VPS

This type of web hosting service provides an entire dedicated server to an individual client or user. In Dedicated Hosting, the resources(CPU, RAM, Disk Space, etc.,) are not shared with anyone else as one single server is assigned to the user. 

Everything can be customized including the Operating System(OS) as per the user’s requirement. 

Dedicated Hosting provides the highest level of access for server management and website configuration. It is the most expensive web hosting service

It is also the most secured web hosting service. Dedicated Hosting is of two types – Managed and Unmanaged

In a Managed Dedicated Server, the company or provider takes care of the management and administration of the server including security, memory, storage and IT support. 

In an Unmanaged Dedicated Server, the client or user is responsible for server management and administration.

Dedicated Hosting is ideal for large organizations and websites with a huge amount of traffic or visitors.

Cloud Hosting

This type of web hosting service uses virtual servers on a cloud computing platform to store files and host websites. 

For example, we have a service like Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, Dropbox, etc. These are not physical but virtual or cloud storage spaces where we can store files and access it from anywhere remotely. 

Cloud hosting works in a similar way. (The concept behind Cloud Storage and Cloud hosting is the same but you cannot host a website on a Cloud Storage). 

In Cloud Hosting, a network or a computing platform is created by connecting multiple physical servers and the resources(CPU, RAM, Disk Space, etc.,) are distributed and spread across all the servers. 

In a way, Cloud Hosting is a bit similar to Virtual Private Server(VPS) as websites hosted on either of them function in an independent manner and it may seem like one single server is allotted to each website. 

But the main difference is that all other types of web hosting including VPS use one physical server and its resources to host websites instead of a large network of interconnected servers. 

Websites hosted on cloud servers are stable, secure and much faster than Shared Hosting or VPS. 

The responsibility of server administration, management and configuration are taken by the company or provider.

Cloud Hosting is ideal for almost everyone, be it a small enterprise, a medium business or a large organization. 

Website owners looking to upgrade from shared hosting can also choose Cloud Hosting instead of VPS Hosting as it provides more flexibility, stability, and faster resources at a lesser price. 

In comparison to VPS, Cloud hosting is cost-effective and provides more value for money.

Managed WordPress Hosting

WordPress is the most popular Content Management System(CMS) in the world. WordPress lets you create websites and blogs without the knowledge of coding or programming. 

You don’t need to be a pro in HTML, CSS, PHP, etc., to use WordPress. WordPress can be used with any of the hosting services. 

Many web hosting companies even provide WordPress with shared hosting absolutely free. All it takes is one click to install the software on your server. It’s that simple. 

However, a beginner might find it difficult to take care of maintenance, security, tech support, etc. To make it more convenient and effortless, Managed WordPress Hosting takes care of the maintenance(automated backups, automated upgrades), speed optimization (configured cache, integrated CDN services), security(configured permissions, plugin checking, malware scanning) and support(technical support staffed by dedicated WordPress experts).

Managed WordPress Hosting is highly recommended for bloggers. As a blogger, one must come up with excellent content to drive more traffic to their blog. 

This type of web hosting service provides the liberty to utilize all the time and effort in writing excellent content as almost everything else is taken care of by the provider.

Reseller Hosting

In this type of web hosting service, a business or a company can purchase services and resources(CPU, RAM, Disk Space, Bandwidth, etc.,) at a wholesale price from a web hosting company or provider and then sell it to consumers or small companies for a profit. 

It’s like starting your own web hosting company or doing business as a reseller but without the hassle and cost of setup and infrastructure.

Reseller hosting is ideal for web-designing firms, web developers, and entrepreneurs who want to start their own web hosting firm.

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What Is Web Hosting & Its Types Explained
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What Is Web Hosting & Its Types Explained
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In this article, we have discussed what is web hosting, what are the different types of web hosting services and how to select the right web hosting service for beginners.
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